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哪些措施对印刷企业来说是实用和可行的?

  如今印刷业经常能听到耳熟能详的流行语,诸如可持续发展、节能、碳足迹和碳中和印刷。但是,印刷企业的可持续发展从何处着手,哪些措施对印刷企业来说是实用和可行的?下面看一下德国印企会为我们提供哪些借鉴经验呢?

  Nowadays, the printing industry often hears well-known buzzwords, such as sustainable development, energy saving, carbon footprint and carbon neutralization printing. However, where should the sustainable development of printing enterprises start? What measures are practical and feasible for printing enterprises? Let's take a look at what lessons German Indian companies can offer us.

  管理能源效率

  Managing Energy Efficiency

  据能源效率咨询师Jürgen Bühler调查的数据显示,规模在3~250人之间的印刷企业,按照千瓦时计算节能潜力,平均为25%。拥有8台以上B3尺寸印刷机组的印刷企业的节能潜力能达到29%~45%,因为这类企业在供热成本方面可以节约很多。而采用热固型卷筒纸印刷和热复燃设备的企业通过新技术还可实现完全不同的节能效率。能源效率管理为企业带来的不仅是低廉的产品,还能显示出企业节能的潜力,节能意味着企业具有竞争优势。

  According to the survey data of energy efficiency consultant Jurrgen Burhler, printing enterprises with a scale of 3-250 people have an average energy-saving potential of 25% in terms of kilowatt-hour. The energy-saving potential of printing enterprises with 8 or more B3 printing units can reach 29%-45%, because these enterprises can save a lot in heating costs. Enterprises using thermosetting reel paper printing and thermal reburning equipment can also achieve completely different energy-saving efficiency through new technologies. Energy efficiency management not only brings low-cost products to enterprises, but also shows the potential of energy saving. Energy saving means that enterprises have competitive advantages.

  此外,必须提及的是,Jürgen Bühler认为,与其他行业相比,印刷行业的能源消耗并不严重,只有采用烘干装置的卷筒纸印刷企业和带有热复燃设备的企业属于能源密集型的企业范畴。其坚信,今后几年内印刷行业在减少能耗方面将作出重要贡献。

  In addition, it must be mentioned that compared with other industries, the energy consumption of the printing industry is not serious, only the roller printing enterprises with drying devices and the enterprises with thermal reburning equipment belong to the energy-intensive enterprise category. It firmly believes that the printing industry will make an important contribution in reducing energy consumption in the next few years.

  选用环保型溶剂

  Selection of environmentally friendly solvents

  在涉及环保和降低成本的实际措施方面,印刷企业有诸多选择。例如,许多印刷企业仍在使用有害和不环保的溶剂。JürgenBühler称,这使得印刷行业因每年排放大量的有机挥发性化合物(VOCs)而成为VOCs排放量**的行业之一。

  Printing enterprises have many choices in practical measures concerning environmental protection and cost reduction. For example, many printing companies are still using harmful and environmentally friendly solvents. This makes the printing industry one of the industries with VOCs emissions ** because it emits a large amount of organic volatile compounds (VOCs) every year, according to JU rgen Bu hler.

  除了采用环保型溶剂,用减少溶剂消耗,回收有机废气的措施替代直接排放或燃烧以及由此产生的节能很值得企业去做,能够保护资源。

  In addition to the use of environmentally friendly solvents, the use of measures to reduce solvent consumption and recycle organic waste gas instead of direct emissions or combustion and the resulting energy saving is worth doing by enterprises, which can protect resources.

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  使用环境友好型油墨

  Use environmentally friendly inks

  印刷油墨逐渐向环保型油墨发展,如由油菜籽、亚麻或大豆制成的植物油墨等。这类油墨在使用过程中不需要使用溶剂回收设备,减少了废弃物的产生,保护了资源,因此与传统油墨相比是可持续发展的。印刷企业应避免使用含重金属的油墨,不仅有益于环境,也有利于员工的身心健康。

  Printing inks are gradually developing towards environmentally friendly inks, such as vegetable inks made from rapeseed, flax or soybean. This kind of ink does not need solvent recovery equipment in the use process, which reduces the generation of waste and protects resources, so it is sustainable compared with traditional ink. Printing enterprises should avoid using ink containing heavy metals, which is not only beneficial to the environment, but also to the physical and mental health of employees.

  回收再利用

  Recycling and reuse

  在许多企业,对废弃物进行管理以及收集已经成为日常行为。但Jürgen Bühler称,废弃物的登记和回收仍是一项被低估的任务。因此,一些印刷企业应制定相关方案,对不可避免的和必须处理的废弃物进行回收,不仅可大大减轻环境负担,也省去了废弃物的运输和处理成本。

  In many enterprises, waste management and collection has become a daily activity. However, according to Jurrgen Burhler, the registration and recycling of waste remains an underestimated task. Therefore, some printing enterprises should formulate relevant programs to recover the inevitable and necessary waste, which can not only greatly reduce the environmental burden, but also save the cost of transportation and treatment of waste.

  做好企业内外部物流管理

  Do well the internal and external logistics management of enterprises

  内部物流尤指生产物流,是指在印刷生产过程中,纸张(或其他承印物)、油墨、印版等印刷原材料,以及成品、半成品、废品等一系列的流动。印刷企业应通过*短的运输距离和过程优化来改进工艺步骤,另外还要重视定期维修运输车辆,例如叉车等,否则会消耗更多的能源,造成不必要的费用。

  Internal logistics, especially production logistics, refers to a series of flows of printing raw materials, such as paper (or other prints), ink, printing plate, and finished products, semi-finished products, waste products, etc. in the process of printing production. Printing enterprises should improve process steps through * short transportation distance and process optimization, and pay attention to regular maintenance of transport vehicles, such as forklift trucks, otherwise it will consume more energy and cause unnecessary costs.

  外部物流可以理解为原材料的采购、运输,成品的配送和运输,以及废弃物的处理等。印刷企业应精心选择原材料供应商和废弃物处理企业,以减少外部物流环节或缩短物流路程。为了避免空驶,企业还可采用基于GPS辅助的行驶路线并进行有效的速度管理。

  External logistics can be understood as the purchase and transportation of raw materials, the distribution and transportation of finished products, and the disposal of waste. Printing enterprises should carefully select raw material suppliers and waste disposal enterprises to reduce external logistics links or shorten logistics routes. In order to avoid empty driving, enterprises can also use GPS-assisted driving routes and carry out effective speed management.

  以上内容由山东印刷包装厂家整理发布,更多相关资讯可以点击我们的官网进行咨询:http://www.sdyszb.com

  More information can be consulted by clicking on our official website: http://www.sdyszb.com.


 
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