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如何确保塑料包装印刷生产过程中的消防安全?

彩印包装企业在整个生产过程中,所用的辅助材料如油墨、溶剂都是易燃易爆的物质,火灾的威胁无处不在。国内已有多家企业的印刷生产线相继发生火灾而损失惨重,所以注重印刷生产过程中的防火,关系到塑料包装生产企业能否持续、稳步、健康发展。

In the whole process of production, the auxiliary materials used in color printing packaging enterprises, such as ink and solvent, are flammable and explosive materials, and the threat of fire is everywhere. A lot of printing production lines have been destroyed by fire in many enterprises in China. Therefore, the importance of fire prevention in printing process is related to whether plastic packaging enterprises can continue, steadily and healthfully develop.

包装印刷企业的火灾事故主要来自印刷的生产过程,在日常的生产中,随处接触到的都是些易燃易爆的物质。其中用于调和油墨和擦洗版辊的溶剂又具有挥发性极高、极易燃、爆的特性,这些溶剂的闪点很低,一般都在4℃以下,主要表现在偶遇火花(即一闪即灭的火花)就能引起迅猛的燃烧。而且,印刷生产车间又受温度和防蚊蝇、防尘等卫生条件的限制封闭得很严,空气中到处充满着可燃性的气体,火灾的危险性极大。一旦发生火灾,会给职工的人身安全和企业财产带来不可估量的损害。我们应该怎样做好印刷生产过程中的消防安全工作呢?

The fire accidents of packaging and printing enterprises mainly come from the production process of printing. In the daily production, all of them are combustible and explosive materials everywhere. The solvent used for blending ink and scrubbing roller is also highly volatile, highly flammable and explosive. The flash point of these solvents is very low, usually below 4 degrees, which is mainly manifested in the occasional spark (that is, flash away), which can cause rapid combustion. Moreover, the printing production workshop and temperature and the mosquitoes and flies, dust and other health conditions closed tightly, the air filled with flammable gas, fire danger. Once a fire occurs, it will bring immeasurable damage to the personal safety of the workers and the property of the enterprise. How should we do a good job of fire safety in the process of printing production?

建立健全安全管理制度,加强员工安全培训,提高员工的消防安全意识

Establish and improve safety management system, strengthen staff safety training, improve staff's awareness of fire safety

搞好基层的消防工作,首先是要做好"人"的工作,因为很多的火灾事例证明,火灾的发生是由人为因素引起的。例如:在日常的工作中,就经常会出现带火种接近危险品、用铁器相互敲打产生火花、维修时飞溅的电焊火花、电器漏电或短路、设备缺油摩擦起火等等,这些现象都是引起火灾事故的危险源。要防止这些危险源的产生,就需要规范"人"的行为,使生产一线的员工都能认识到火灾的危险性和自己行为的重要性。

To do a good job of fire fighting at the grass-roots level, the first thing to do is to do a good job of "people", because many fire cases have proved that the fire is caused by human factors. For example: in the daily work, often with fire close to the dangerous goods, with iron flail sparks, repair, welding spark splash of electrical leakage or short circuit equipment, oil friction fire and so on, these phenomena are caused by the dangerous source of fire accidents. To prevent these hazards from happening, we need to regulate the behavior of "people", so that employees in the production line can recognize the danger of fire and the importance of their actions.

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用科学的手段来控制和消除生产过程中的火灾隐患

The use of scientific means to control and eliminate the hidden dangers in the process of production

如何防止因静电而引起的火灾呢?我们先要知道静电引起燃烧或爆炸的必要条件是:周围环境存在有易燃易爆物质(如生产中使用的油墨、溶剂等);具备产生和积累静电的条件(印刷的过程);静电积累到足够高的电压能击穿介质放电;静电放电的能量足以引燃周围的易燃物质(如印刷设备产生静电的区域离墨盘很近)。但是在生产过程中又不能避免以上所述的条件,所以只能采取相应的控制措施来防止静电火灾的发生。

How to prevent caused by electrostatic fire? We must know the necessary conditions of combustion or explosion caused by static electricity is that the environment there is flammable and explosive substances (such as used in the production of ink, solvent etc.); the conditions of production and accumulation of static electricity (printing process); the accumulation of static voltage high enough energy to medium breakdown discharge; electrostatic discharge energy is sufficient to ignite surrounding flammable substances (such as printing equipment, electrostatic region from the ink disc very close). But in the process of production, the above conditions can not be avoided, so the corresponding control measures can only be taken to prevent the occurrence of electrostatic fire.

搞好消防应急响应,提高员工的自我防范能力

Improve the emergency response of fire fighting and improve the self-defense ability of employees

在做好生产过程中消防安全工作的同时,企业还要制定消防安全应急预案,目的是使员工在危急的情况下知道如何进行初期火灾的扑救和自我保护。

While doing well the fire safety work in the production process, enterprises should also develop fire safety contingency plans, so that employees can know how to fight and protect themselves at the early stage in case of emergency.

本文由济南印刷包装友情奉献,更多有关的知识请点击:http://www.sdyszb.com 我们将用先进的技术,真诚的态度,为您提供为全面的服务。我们将会陆续向大家奉献,敬请期待。

This article is from Ji'nan printing and packaging, friendship and dedication, and more related knowledge. Please click: http://www.sdyszb.com, we will provide you with the most advanced technology and the most sincere attitude to provide you with the most comprehensive service. We will continue to contribute to you and look forward to it.


 
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