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你知道印刷行业有哪些常识?

印刷品作为我们日常生活中随处可见、必不可少的物品,对于我们生活质量的提高有着重大的意义。然而对于印刷很多朋友还是处在两眼一摸黑的状态,并不了解。因此今天济南印刷厂带领大家来学习一下有关于印刷产业的知识。
As an indispensable and ubiquitous item in our daily life, printed matter is of great significance to the improvement of our quality of life. However, for printing many friends are still in a state of two eyes and a dark look. So today, Ji'nan printing house is leading you to learn about printing industry.
一般纸张印刷可分为黑白印刷、专色印刷、四色印刷,超过四色印刷为多色印刷。
General paper printing can be divided into black and white printing, spot color printing, four-color printing, more than four-color printing for multi-color printing.
2. 物体、金属表面印刷图案、文字可分为:丝网印刷、移印、烫印(金、银)、柔版印刷(塑料制品)。
2. Objects, metal surface printing patterns, text can be divided into: screen printing, transfer printing, hot stamping (gold, silver), flexography (plastic products).
3. 传统印刷制版一般包括胶印PS版(把图文信息制成胶片)和纸版轻印刷(也称速印)。随着市场的发展,商务活动的节奏和变化越来越快,即时的商务要求,成就了印刷技术的重大变革。商业短版印刷、数码商务快印CTP应运而生(不用制版直接印刷)。
3. Traditional printing plate making generally includes offset PS plate (making film from graphic information) and light printing (also known as speed printing). With the development of the market, the pace of business activities and changes more and more quickly, the immediate business requirements, the achievement of a major change in printing technology. Commercial short printing and digital business Express Printing CTP came into being.
4. 文字排版文件,质量要求不高的短版零活印刷,可采用纸版(氧化锌版)轻印刷,节省版费、压缩印刷成本,节约时间,快速高效。
4. Text typesetting documents, short-run and loose-work printing with low quality requirements, can be printed lightly on paper (zinc oxide plate), saving printing costs, compression printing costs, saving time, fast and efficient.
5.后期加工工艺
5. post processing technology
后期加工艺分工很细,一般有以下几种:
Later, the technology division is very fine.
(1) 装订(胶装、精装、骑马订、平订、简订、粘面
(1) binding (plastic, hardcover, horseback, flat, straight, sticky).
(2) 折页(对折、三折、四折、五折、手风琴折
(2) folding (folding, seventy percent off, sixty percent off, half off, accordion folding)
(3) 复膜、上光、过油(复膜分为:亚光膜和亮膜两种;上光、过油可分为全部和局部上光、过油
(3) Coating, polishing and oil-passing (the film is divided into two types: Matt and light film; polishing and oil-passing can be divided into all and part polishing and oil-passing.
(4) 异形闷切、烫金(银)、起凸
(4) abnormal shape, cutting, bronzing, and protruding.
(5) 表糊(一般指包装纸盒纸箱、高档画册、书刊装帧、锦盒加工等
(5) surface paste (generally referred to as carton carton, fancy album, book binding, carton processing, etc.)
6.胶印与其他印刷有哪些区别
6. what is the difference between offset printing and other printing?
①利用油和水不相溶的基本原理来完成印刷:
(1) finish printing with the basic principle of insoluble oil and water.
②空白部分与图文部分基本处在同一印版表面上,并是有选择地吸附水和油墨
(2) The blank part and the picture-text part are basically on the same plate surface and selectively adsorb water and ink.
③是通过中间体(橡皮布滚筒)来转移印迹:
(3) transfer imprinting through intermediate (blanket roller):
④是通过网点大小来呈现阶调。
Fourth, through the dot size to show the tone.
7.生产中润湿液中的ph值应控制在什么范围
7. what extent should the pH value of the wetting solution be controlled in production?
对ps版润湿液中ph值,一般控制在生5~6之间为宜。
The pH value of PS version wetting solution is generally controlled between 5~6.
8.润湿液中的ph值控制不当,对产品质量有何影响
8. what is the effect of improper pH control in the wetting solution on the quality of the product?

济南画册印刷

酸性偏强:容易造成印版花版、网点变小,降低印版耐印力,油墨容易乳化,造成印迹不容易干、产品背面粘脏等质量弊病。
Acidity is strong: easy to cause printing plate, dot smaller, reduce printing plate endurance, ink is easy to emulsify, resulting in imprinting is not easy to dry, product back dirty and other quality defects.
酸性偏弱:印版网点易糊、易并、易起脏,造成糊版、龌龊等。
Acid is weak: printing plates are easy to paste, easy to mix and easy to dirty, resulting in paste, dirty, etc.
9.酒精润湿有什么特点
9. what are the characteristics of alcohol wetting?
①润湿性能好,在版面有很好的铺展性能
1. Good wetting performance and good spreading performance in the layout.
②由于酒精具有一定的挥发性,版面水分转移到橡皮布后,水分有一定程度的挥发,所以纸张的吸水量会减少
(2) Because of the volatility of alcohol, the moisture content of the paper will be volatilized to a certain extent after the moisture is transferred to the rubber cloth, so the water absorption of the paper will be reduced.
③酒精在挥发时,能带走大量的热量,使版面温度降低,保证了油墨的流动性能。
(3) When alcohol evaporates, it can take away a lot of heat, reduce the layout temperature and ensure the fluidity of ink.
10.在生产中润湿液的作用是什么
10. what is the function of the wetting fluid in production?
①使空白部分不起脏和油腻(不感脂
Make the blank part not dirty and greasy (no fat).
②通过亲水胶体和有机酸使空白部分保持良好的亲水性能
(2) maintain good hydrophilicity of the blank part by hydrophilic colloid and organic acid.
③通过表面活性物质和表面活性剂,使版面空白部分只需较少的水,就能使空白部分得到保护,有利于水墨平衡
(3) By using surfactant and surfactant, the blank part of the page can be protected with less water, which is beneficial to the balance of ink and water.
④通过缓冲溶液(同离子效应)使润湿液ph值稳定。
(4) through the buffer solution (same ion effect), the pH value of the wetting solution is stable.
以上就是我们济南画册印刷对于印刷业知识的一个简单介绍了,希望大家看了之后能够有所收获,对于印刷行业有更加深刻的了解。印刷并没有想象中那么简单,不是动动手指开一下机器就结束了,我们需要控制的不只是机器。
Above is our Jinan picture album printing for the printing industry knowledge of a brief introduction, I hope you can have a harvest after reading, for the printing industry has a deeper understanding. Printing isn't as simple as it might seem. It's not just about opening the machine with a finger. It's not just about the machine that we need to control.

 
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