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印前排版问题你了解么?

随着计算机技术的普及和人们应用相关软件能力的不断提高,专业的印前排版工作正逐渐由印刷厂和制版公司分散到出版社等单位和编辑手中,这样就会出现一些不符合印刷规则甚至不适合大批量传统印刷装订的设计效果。在此,我们对印前排版过程中的常见问题进行归纳总结。

With the popularization of computer technology and related software applications people the ability to continuously improve the professional prepress layout work is gradually from printing and plate making company distributed to other units and press the hands of the editor, so there will be some does not conform to the rules or even not suitable for printing design effect of large quantities of traditional printing and binding of the. Here, we summarize the common problems in the prepress typesetting process.

很多设计者仅考虑版面上的直观效果,过分突出个性化设计,对传统印刷装订批量生产过程中出现的误差情况兼顾不多,而由于环境温湿度、印刷装订机械、纸张伸缩等不可控因素的存在,这种生产误差不可避免。

Many designers only consider the visual effect on layout, outstanding personalized design, printing and binding of traditional mass production errors appearing in the process of consideration is not much, but because of the environmental temperature and humidity, printing and binding machine, paper expansion and other uncontrollable factors exist, this error is inevitable.

对此,在书刊设计时加以考虑,留出一定的偏移量。如常见的版面出血量应控制在3mm,以避免出现装订后留白等现象。

In this regard, in the design of books and periodicals to be considered, set aside a certain amount of offset. For example, the amount of common page bleeding should be controlled in 3mm to avoid the phenomenon of retention after binding.

文件中大量使用不同的字体就容易导致前端排版时显示正常而后端制版时无法输出或输出错误。

The use of a large number of different fonts in the file can easily cause the front end layout to display normal while the back end making is unable to output or output errors.

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要避免这种情况,应在通过排版软件输出PS或PDF文件时,将文字转曲。如果印刷文件中的某些汉字没有对应字库,可以在后端流程中替换相近字库。目前常见的畅流和印能捷流程都有相应的设置选项,操作人员可以根据经验,建立合适的字库置换对应表,将多次使用过的字体或风格相近的字体进行替换,并在印刷流程中加强检查。

To avoid this, write the text when you export the PS or PDF file through the typesetting software. If some Chinese characters in the printed document do not have a corresponding font library, the similar library can be replaced in the back end process. At present, there are corresponding setup options for common flow and Indo Chem processes. Operators can set up appropriate font stores to replace corresponding tables based on experience, replace the fonts that are used frequently or have similar styles, and strengthen inspection in the printing process.

制作叠印效果时,要注意黑版的镂空问题,在制作时,要针对不同效果设定相应的参数,并把相关设置说明传递到输出中心,以便在输出系统做相应设置,避免显示和印刷效果不一致。

Making overprint effect, attention should be paid to the black version of the hollowed out problem, in the production, to set the corresponding parameters according to different results, and the related setup instructions transmitted to the output center, so as to make the corresponding settings in the output system, avoid display and printing effect is not consistent.

传统印刷的印前排版工作有着一定的专业性,在条件允许的情况下,尽量使用规范的排版系统,接受专业的印刷排版指导,极大避免后序印刷生产中可能出现的差错。

The pre press typesetting of traditional printing has certain professionalism. If conditions permit, try to use the standardized typesetting system to receive professional printing and typesetting instruction, so as to avoid possible errors in post sequence printing production.

 
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